How to protect ourselves from Hepatitis A?
The hepatitis A virus (HAV) is present in the feces of people who have hepatitis A and spreads by fecal-oral contact. Infection can occur if even a microscopic amount of virus-laden feces reaches the mouth. This can happen by consuming contaminated food or beverages, as well as through close personal contact or sex with an infected person.
Hepatitis A can be avoided through different ways. According to Mayo Clinic, here’s the different options to reduce the risk of getting infected with hep A virus:
(1) The hepatitis A vaccine can prevent infection with the virus. The hepatitis A vaccine is typically given in two doses - initial vaccination followed by a booster shot six months later. The following individuals should receive a hepatitis A vaccine:
• All children at age 1, or older children who didnt receive the vaccine at age 1
• Laboratory workers who may come in contact with hepatitis A
• Men who have sex with men
• People planning travel to areas of the world with high rates of hepatitis A
• People who use illicit drugs, including both injected and noninjected drugs
• People who receive clotting-factor concentrates as part of their medical treatment
• People with chronic liver disease
If youre concerned about your risk of hepatitis A, ask your doctor about whether the vaccine is right for you.
(2) Follow safety precautions when traveling: If youre traveling in regions where hepatitis A outbreaks occur, you can help prevent infection by peeling and washing all your fresh fruits and vegetables yourself and by avoiding raw or undercooked meat and fish. Drink bottled water and also use it when brushing your teeth. Ask for your beverages to be served without ice. If bottled water isnt available, boil tap water before drinking it.
(3) Practice good hygiene: Thoroughly wash your hands often to help protect yourself from infection. Wash after using the toilet, before preparing food or eating, and after changing a babys diaper. Also, dont share towels, eating utensils or toothbrushes....