Risk factors and possible complications of anorexia nervosa
Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder and mental health condition that can be life-threatening. People with anorexia try to keep their weight as low as possible, usually by restricting the amount of food they eat. They often have a distorted image of themselves, thinking that theyre fat when theyre not.
Some people with the condition also exercise excessively, and some eat a lot of food in a short space of time (binge eating) and then make themselves sick or use laxatives (purging).
People affected by anorexia often go to great attempts to hide their behaviour from family and friends by lying about eating and what they have eaten, or by pretending to have eaten earlier. Anorexia can be associated with depression, low self-esteem, alcohol misuse and self-harm.
Certain risk factors increase the risk of anorexia, including: being a woman and possibly having a young age, weight changes, emotional stress from different events happening in your life, genetics and family history of anorexia, sports, work and artistic activities as well as media and the society.
Not eating enough food can lead to a wide range of complications, some of which can be fatal, such as:
(1) acute kidney failure
(2) liver damage
(3) heart failure...